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Statuary Mary - The Immaculate Conception

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Mary - The Immaculate Conception

The Immaculate Conception is a dogma of the Catholic Church maintaining that from the moment when she was conceived the Blessed Virgin Mary was kept free of original sin and was filled with the sanctifying grace normally conferred during baptism. It is one of the four dogmas in Roman Catholic Mariology.

Mary is often called the Immaculata (the Immaculate One), particularly in artistic and cultural contexts. The Immaculate Conception should not be confused with the perpetual virginity of Mary or the virgin birth of Jesus; it refers to the conception of Mary by her mother, Saint Anne. Although the belief was widely held since at least Late Antiquity, the doctrine was not formally proclaimed until December 8, 1854, by Pope Pius IX in his papal bull Ineffabilis Deus. It is not formal doctrine except in the Roman Catholic Church. The Feast of the Immaculate Conception is observed on December 8 in many Catholic countries as a holy day of obligation or patronal feast, and in some as a national public holiday.

Distinctions

Original sin and actual (personal) sin

The defined dogma of the Immaculate Conception regards original sin only, saying that Mary was preserved from any stain (in Latin, macula or labes, the second of these two synonymous words being the one used in the formal definition). The proclaimed Roman Catholic dogma states "that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin." Therefore, being always free from original sin, the doctrine teaches that from her conception Mary received the sanctifying grace that would normally come with baptism after birth.

The definition makes no declaration about the Church's belief that the Blessed Virgin was sinless, in the sense of actual or personal sin. However, the Church also holds that Mary was also sinless personally, that she was "free from all sin, original or personal". The Council of Trent decreed: "If anyone shall say that a man once justified can sin no more, nor lose grace, and that therefore he who falls and sins was never truly justified; or, on the contrary, that throughout his whole life he can avoid all sins even venial sins, except by a special privilege of God, as the Church holds in regard to the Blessed Virgin: let him be anathema."

Virginal conception

The doctrine of the immaculate conception (Mary being conceived free from original sin) is not to be confused with her virginal conception of her son Jesus. This misunderstanding of the term immaculate conception is frequently met in the mass media. Catholics believe that Mary was not the product of a virginal conception herself but was the daughter of a human father and mother, traditionally known by the names of Saint Joachim and Saint Anne. In 1677, the Holy See condemned the belief that Mary was virginally conceived, which had been a belief surfacing occasionally since the 4th century. The Church celebrates the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (when Mary was conceived free from original sin) on 8 December, exactly nine months before celebrating the Nativity of Mary. The feast of the Annunciation (which commemorates the virginal conception and the Incarnation of Jesus) is celebrated on 25 March, nine months before Christmas Day.

Redemption

Another misunderstanding is that, by her immaculate conception, Mary did not need a saviour. When defining the dogma in Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX explicitly affirmed that Mary was redeemed in a manner more sublime. He stated that Mary, rather than being cleansed after sin, was completely prevented from contracting Original Sin in view of the foreseen merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race. In Luke 1:47, Mary proclaims: "My spirit has rejoiced in God my Saviour." This is referred to as Mary's pre-redemption by Christ. Since the Council of Orange II against semi-pelagianism, the Catholic Church has taught that even had man never sinned in the Garden of Eden and was sinless, he would still require God's grace to remain sinless.

History

A feast of the Conception of the Most Holy and All Pure Mother of God was celebrated in Syria on 8 December perhaps as early as the 5th century. Note that the title of achrantos (spotless, immaculate, all-pure) refers to the holiness of Mary, not specifically to the holiness of her conception.

By the 7th century the feast of her conception was widely celebrated in the East, under the name of the Conception (active) of Saint Anne. In the West it was known as the feast of the Conception (passive) of Mary, and was associated particularly with the Normans, whether these introduced it directly from the East or took it from English usage. The spread of the feast, by now with the adjective "Immaculate" attached to its title, met opposition on the part of some, on the grounds that sanctification was possible only after conception. Critics included Saints Bernard of Clairvaux, Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas. Other theologians defended the expression "Immaculate Conception", pointing out that sanctification could be conferred at the first moment of conception in view of the foreseen merits of Christ, a view held especially by Franciscans.

Writers such as Mark Miravalle and Sarah Jane Boss interpret the existence of the feast as a strong indication of the Church's traditional belief in the Immaculate Conception.

On 28 February 1476, Pope Sixtus IV, a Franciscan after whom the Sistine Chapel is named, authorized those dioceses that wished to introduce the feast to do so, and introduced it to his own diocese of Rome in 1477, with a specially composed Mass and Office of the feast. With his bull Cum praeexcelsa of 28 February 1477, in which he referred to the feast as that of the Conception of Mary, without using the word "Immaculate", he granted indulgences to those who would participate in the specially composed Mass or Office on the feast itself or during its octave, and he used the word "immaculate" of Mary, but applied instead the adjective "miraculous" to her conception. On 4 September 1483, referring to the feast as that of "the Conception of Immaculate Mary ever Virgin", he condemned both those who called it mortally sinful and heretical to hold that the "glorious and immaculate mother of God was conceived without the stain of original sin" and those who called it mortally sinful and heretical to hold that "the glorious Virgin Mary was conceived with original sin", since, he said, "up to this time there has been no decision made by the Roman Church and the Apostolic See." This decree was reaffirmed by the Council of Trent.

One of the chief proponents of the doctrine was the Hungarian Franciscan Pelbartus Ladislaus of Temesvar.

Pope Pius V, the Dominican Pope who in 1570 established the Tridentine Mass, included the feast (but without the adjective "Immaculate") in the Tridentine Calendar, but suppressed the existing special Mass for the feast, directing that the Mass for the Nativity of Mary (with the word "Nativity" replaced by "Conception") be used instead. Part of that earlier Mass was revived in the Mass that Pope Pius IX ordered to be used on the feast and that is still in use.

On 6 December 1708, Pope Clement XI made the feast of the Conception of Mary, at that time still with the Nativity of Mary formula for the Mass, a Holy Day of Obligation. Until Pope Pius X reduced in 1911 the number of Holy Days of Obligation to 8, there were in the course of the year 36 such days, apart from Sundays.

Definition of the dogma

During the reign of Pope Gregory XVI the bishops in various countries began to press for a definition as dogma of the teaching of Mary's immaculate conception. Pius IX, at the beginning of his pontificate, and again after 1851, appointed commissions to investigate the whole subject, and he was advised that the doctrine was one which could be defined and that the time for a definition was opportune. On 8 December 1854, in a great assembly of bishops in St Peter's Basilica at Rome, he promulgated the Bull Ineffabilis Deus, in which the history of the doctrine is summarily traced, and which contains the definition as given above

It was not until 1854 that Pope Pius IX, with the support of the overwhelming majority of Roman Catholic bishops, whom he had consulted between 1851–1853, promulgated the papal bull Ineffabilis Deus (Latin for "Ineffable God"), which defined ex cathedra the dogma of the Immaculate Conception:

We declare, pronounce and define that the doctrine which holds that the Blessed Virgin Mary, at the first instant of her conception, by a singular privilege and grace of the Omnipotent God, in virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Saviour of mankind, was preserved immaculate from all stain of original sin, has been revealed by God, and therefore should firmly and constantly be believed by all the faithful.

—Pope Pius IX, Ineffabilis Deus, December 8, 1854

The dogma was defined in accordance with the conditions of papal infallibility, which would be defined in 1870 by the First Vatican Council.

The papal definition of the dogma declares with absolute certainty and authority that Mary possessed sanctifying grace from the first instant of her existence and was free from the lack of grace caused by the original sin at the beginning of human history. Mary's salvation was won by her son Jesus Christ through his passion, death, and resurrection and was not due to her own merits.

Later developments

For the Roman Catholic Church the dogma of the Immaculate Conception gained additional significance from the reputed apparitions of Our Lady of Lourdes in 1858. At Lourdes a 14-year-old girl, Bernadette Soubirous, claimed that a beautiful woman appeared to her and said, "I am the Immaculate Conception". Many believe the woman to have been the Blessed Virgin Mary and pray to her as such.

Pope Pius IX defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception "not so much because of proofs in Scripture or ancient tradition, but due to a profound sensus fidelium and the Magisterium".

Speaking of the witness of the Church Fathers in claiming for Mary titles such as "Free from all contagion of sin", Pope Pius XII wrote:

If the popular praises of the Blessed Virgin Mary be given the careful consideration they deserve, who will dare to doubt that she, who was purer than the angels and at all times pure, was at any moment, even for the briefest instant, not free from every stain of sin?

The Roman Catholic tradition has a well-established philosophy for the study of the Immaculate Conception and the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the field of Mariology, with Pontifical schools such as the Marianum specifically devoted to this.

Medieval dispute about the doctrine

It seems to have been St Bernard of Clairvaux who, in the 12th century, explicitly raised the question of the Immaculate Conception. A feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin had already begun to be celebrated in some churches of the West. St Bernard blames the canons of the metropolitan church of Lyon for instituting such a festival without the permission of the Holy See. In doing so, he takes occasion to repudiate altogether the view that the conception of Mary was sinless. It is doubtful, however, whether he was using the term "conception" in the same sense in which it is used in the definition of Pope Pius IX. Bernard would seem to have been speaking of conception in the active sense of the mother's cooperation, for in his argument he says: "How can there be absence of sin where there is concupiscence (libido)?" and stronger expressions follow, showing that he is speaking of the mother and not of the child.

Saint Thomas Aquinas, the greatest of the medieval scholastics, refused to admit the Immaculate Conception, on the ground that, unless the Blessed Virgin had at one time or other been one of the sinful, she could not justly be said to have been redeemed by Christ.

Saint Bonaventure (d . 1274), second only to Saint Thomas in his influence on the Christian schools of his age, hesitated to accept it for a similar reason. He believed that Mary was completely free from sin, but that she was not given this grace at the instant of her conception.

The celebrated John Duns Scotus (d . 1308), a Friar Minor like Saint Bonaventure, argued, on the contrary, that from a rational point of view it was certainly as little derogatory to the merits of Christ to assert that Mary was by him preserved from all taint of sin, as to say that she first contracted it and then was delivered. Proposing a solution to the theological problem of reconciling the doctrine with that of universal redemption in Christ, he argued that Mary's immaculate conception did not remove her from redemption by Christ; rather it was the result of a more perfect redemption granted her because of her special role in salvation history.

The arguments of Scotus, combined with a better acquaintance with the language of the early Fathers, gradually prevailed in the schools of the Western Church. In 1387 the university of Paris strongly condemned the opposite view.

Scotus's arguments remained controversial, however, particularly among the Dominicans, who were willing enough to celebrate Mary's sanctificatio (being made free from sin) but, following the Dominican Thomas Aquinas' arguments, continued to insist that her sanctification could not have occurred until after her conception.

Popular opinion remained firmly behind the celebration of Mary's conception. In 1439, the Council of Basel, which is not reckoned an ecumenical council, stated that belief in the immaculate conception of Mary is in accord with the Catholic faith. By the end of the 15th century was widely professed and taught in many theological faculties, but such was the influence of the Dominicans, and the weight of the arguments of Thomas Aquinas (who had been canonised in 1323 and declared "Doctor Angelicus" of the Church in 1567) that the Council of Trent (1545–63)—which might have been expected to affirm the doctrine—instead declined to take a position.

Church Fathers

It is admitted that the doctrine as defined by Pius IX. was not explicitly mooted before the 12th century. It is also agreed that "no direct or categorical and stringent proof of the dogma can be brought forward from Scripture". But it is claimed that the doctrine is implicitly contained in the teaching of the Fathers. Their expressions on the subject of the sinlessness of Mary are, it is pointed out, so ample and so absolute that they must be taken to include original sin as well as actual . Thus we have in the first five centuries such epithets applied to her as "in every respect holy", "in all things unstained", "super-innocent" and "singularly holy"; she is compared to Eve before the fall, as ancestress of a redeemed people; she is "the earth before it was accursed." The well-known words of St Augustine (d . 430) may be cited: " As regards the mother of God," he says, " I will not allow any question whatever of sin." It is true that he is here speaking directly of actual or personal sin. But his argument is that all men are sinners; that they are so through original depravity; that this original depravity may be overcome by the grace of God, and he adds that he does not know but that Mary may have had sufficient grace to overcome sin "of every sort" (omni ex parte).

The bull of definition of the dogma, Ineffabilis Deus, mentioned in particular the patrististic interpretation of Genesis 3:15 as referring to a woman, Mary, who would be eternally at enmity with the evil serpent and completely triumphing over him. It said the Fathers saw foreshadowings of Mary's "wondrous abundance of divine gifts and original innocence" "in that ark of Noah, which was built by divine command and escaped entirely safe and sound from the common shipwreck of the whole world; in the ladder which Jacob saw reaching from the earth to heaven, by whose rungs the angels of God ascended and descended, and on whose top the Lord himself leaned; in that bush which Moses saw in the holy place burning on all sides, which was not consumed or injured in any way but grew green and blossomed beautifully; in that impregnable tower before the enemy, from which hung a thousand bucklers and all the armor of the strong; in that garden enclosed on all sides, which cannot be violated or corrupted by any deceitful plots; in that resplendent city of God, which has its foundations on the holy mountains; in that most august temple of God, which, radiant with divine splendours, is full of the glory of God; and in very many other biblical types of this kind."

The bull recounts that the Fathers interpreted the angel's address to Mary, "highly favoured one" or "full of grace", as indicating that "she was never subject to the curse and was, together with her Son, the only partaker of perpetual benediction"; and they "frequently compare her to Eve while yet a virgin, while yet innocence, while yet incorrupt, while not yet deceived by the deadly snares of the most treacherous serpent".

Patronages

A number of locations consider themselves patronages of the Immaculate Conception.

These include Brazil, Ireland, Korea, Nicaragua, Philippines, Spain (Old Kingdoms and present), Portugal, and the United States of America.

Other churches

For differing reasons, belief in Mary's immaculate conception in the Catholic doctrinal form is not part of the official doctrines of the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican and Protestant churches.

Anglicanism

Belief in Mary's immaculate conception is not a doctrine within Anglicanism, although it is shared by many Anglo-Catholics. In the Church of England's Common Worship prayer book, 8 December is designated a Lesser Festival of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (without the adjective "immaculate").

The report "Mary: Faith and Hope in Christ", by the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission, concluded that the teaching about Mary in the two definitions of the Assumption and the Immaculate Conception can be said to be consonant with the teaching of the Scriptures and the ancient common traditions. But the report expressed concerns that the Roman Catholic dogmatic definitions of these concepts implies them to be "revealed by God", stating: "The question arises for Anglicans, however, as to whether these doctrines concerning Mary are revealed by God in a way which must be held by believers as a matter of faith."

Some Anglicans reject the doctrine that Mary was sinless and conceived without original sin, often citing that it is not within the Holy Scripture and is against the Redemptive role and purpose of Jesus Christ merited for all human beings.

Eastern and Oriental Orthodox

Eastern Orthodox Christians say that Mary was without sin for her entire life, but they object to the dogmatic declaration of her immaculate conception.

In the tradition of Ethiopian Orthodoxy, the Kebra Nagast says:

He cleansed eve's body and sanctified it and made for it a dwelling in her for adam's salvation. She was born without blemish, for He made her pure, without pollution, and she redeemed his debt without carnal union and embrace...Through the transgression of eve we died and were buried, and by the purity of mary we receive honour, and are exalted to the heights (emphasis added).

Old Catholic

While Old Catholics do not reject the Immaculate Conception of Mary, and some of their parishes venerate Mary as immaculately conceived and celebrate the feast of her Immaculate Conception, they do not accept its definition as a dogma, since they reject papal infallibility and with it the Pope's authority to define dogma.

Protestantism

Martin Luther, who initiated the Protestant Reformation, said: "Mary is full of grace, proclaimed to be entirely without sin. God's grace fills her with everything good and makes her devoid of all evil." But in 1532 he denied Mary's immaculate conception, declaring: "Mary is conceived in sin just like us." However, some Lutherans, such as the members of the Anglo-Lutheran Catholic Church, support the doctrine.

Most Protestants reject the doctrine because they do not consider the development of dogmatic theology to be authoritative apart from biblical exegesis, and because the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception is not taught in the Bible. The formal pronouncement of Mary's Immaculate Conception by the Catholic Church in 1854 alienated some Protestant churches partly due to its implication that not all have sinned.

Islam

According to Thomas Patrick Hughes's Dictionary of Islam, Muhammad taught the doctrine of the immaculate conception of Mary, saying: "There is not one of the sons of Adam, except Mary and her Son, one born but is touched by the Devil at the time of his birth, and the child makes a loud noise from the touch." Writers such as George Sale have said that Mary's immaculate conception is taught in the Qur'an, but at least in some cases this is due to misunderstanding "immaculate conception" to mean "virginal conception".

Prayers and hymns

The Roman Missal and the Roman Rite Liturgy of the Hours naturally includes references to Mary's immaculate conception in the feast of the Immaculate Conception. An example is the antiphon that begins: "Tota pulchra es, Maria, et macula originalis non est in te" (You are all beautiful, Mary, and the original stain is not in you. Your clothing is white as snow, and your face is like the sun. You are all beautiful, Mary, and the original stain is not in you. You are the glory of Jerusalem, you are the joy of Israel, you give honour to our people. You are all beautiful, Mary.) On the basis of the original Gregorian chant music, polyphonic settings have been composed by Anton Bruckner, Pablo Casals, Maurice Durufle, Grzegorz Gerwazy Gorczycki, no:Ola Gjeilo, Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia, and Nikolaus Schapfl,

Other prayers honouring Mary's immaculate conception are in use outside the formal liturgy. The hymn Immaculate Mary, addressed to Mary as the Immaculately Conceived One, is closely associated with Lourdes. The Immaculata prayer, composed by Saint Maximillian Kolbe, is a prayer of entrustment to Mary as the Immaculata. A novena of prayers, with a specific prayer for each of the nine days has been composed under the title of the Immaculate Conception Novena.

Artistic representations

The 1476 extension of the feast of the Immaculate Conception to the entire Latin Church reduced the likelihood of controversy for the artist or patron in depicting an image, so that emblems depicting The Immaculate Conception began to appear.

Many artists in the 15th century faced the problem of how to depict an abstract idea such as the Immaculate Conception, and the problem was not fully solved for 150 years. The Italian Renaissance artist Piero di Cosimo was among those artists who tried new solutions, but none of these became generally adopted so that the subject matter would be immediately recognisable to the faithful.

The definitive iconography for the Immaculate Conception, drawing on the emblem tradition, seems to have been finally established by the master and then father-in-law of Diego Velazquez, the painter and theorist Francisco Pacheco. Pacheco's iconography influenced other Spanish artists such as Bartolome Murillo, Diego Velazquez, and Francisco Zurbaran, who each produced a number of artistic masterpieces based on the use of these same symbols.

The popularity of this particular representation of The Immaculate Conception spread across the rest of Europe, and has since remained the best known artistic depiction of the concept: in a heavenly realm, moments after her creation, the spirit of Mary (in the form of a young woman) looks up in awe at (or bows her head to) God. The moon is under her feet and a halo of twelve stars surround her head, possibly a reference to "a woman clothed with the sun" from Revelation 12:1-2. Additional imagery may include clouds, a golden light, and cherubs. In some paintings the cherubim are holding lilies and roses, flowers often associated with Mary.

The text in this box was generated from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the CC-BY-SA.

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Item Number: KRSS-458
Description:
KRSS-458: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. These statues are considered by many church professionals to be the finest new statues available today. This statue ...
Title: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRSS-459
Description:
KRSS-459: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. These statues are considered by many church professionals to be the finest new statues available today. This statue ...
Title: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRSS-460
Description:
KRSS-460: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. These statues are considered by many church professionals to be the finest new statues available today. This statue ...
Title: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRSS-464
Description:
KRSS-464: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. These statues are considered by many church professionals to be the finest new statues available today. This statue ...
Title: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDEM-259
Description:
KRDEM-259: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. This statue is available in carved wood, marble, resin, bronze, or aluminum. Carved wood statues are available in n...
Title: Vintage Carved Wood Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRVS-2170
Description:
KRVS-2170: Vintage Carved Wood Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception. Circa-1900-1910 Dimensions: Height: 45 inches. Diameter: 12 inches. In original condition. In origina...
Title: Vintage Statue of Mary - Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRVS-2279-RG
Description:
KRVS-2279-RG: Vintage plaster statue of Mary - Immaculate Conception. Circa 1930-1940's Dimensions: H:64" W:18" D:13" Base: 17"x17"...
Title: Antique Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRVS-1131
Description:
KRVS-1131: Carved Wood, lightly painted vintage statue of the Blessed Mother. This is a 3/4 relief wall mount depiction of the Blessed Mother. In original condition. Dime...
Title: Carved Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRCM-190
Description:
KRCM-190: New carved wood statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception with multi-colored paint finish. Also available in hand carved marble or cast bronze utilizing the l...
Title: New Carved Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRCM-433
Description:
KRCM-433: New carved wood statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception with multi-colored paint finish. Also available in hand carved marble or cast bronze utilizing the l...
Title: 4' Carved Wood Or Marble Statue Of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A258
Description:
KRMUS-258: Hand carved wood statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception with high relief details. Shown with an extra rich finish, can also be painted or polychromed to your spe...
Title: 4' Carved Wood Or Marble Statue Of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A263
Description:
KRMUS-263: Hand carved wood statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception with high relief details. Shown with an extra rich finish, can also be painted or polychromed to your spe...
Title: 5ft Marble Mary - Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-1863
Description:
KRNM-1863: New hand carved marble statue of the Mary - Immaculate Conception. Dimensions:60 inches in height, 23 inches in width, 13 inches in depth. King Richard's mar...
Title: 5ft New Hand Carved Marble Mary-Immaculate Conception Statue
Item Number: KRNMIS-04
Description:
KRNMIS-04: 5ft New Hand Carved Marble Mary-Immaculate Conception. New hand carved marble statue of Mary-The Immaculate Conception. Dimensions: Height: 5 feet. Width: 19 i...
Title: 5ft. Mary - Immaculate Conception Hand Carved Marble Statue
Item Number: KRNM-261
Description:
KRNM-261: New Mary the Immaculate Conception hand carved marble statue with exquisite detailing seen in her clothing, hands and face. Statue shown is 5 feet in height, bu...
Title: Beautiful Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRSS-461
Description:
KRSS-461: Beautiful Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. These statues are considered by many church professionals to be the finest new statues available today. Th...
Title: Carved Statue Of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-342
Description:
KRNM-342: Traditional hand carved marble statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Exceptional high relief details on clothing, face and hands. Shown in carved marble, ...
Title: Hand Carved Wood Or Marble Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A888
Description:
KRMUS-888: Hand carved statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception which can be sculpted in wood or marble. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Available in any s...
Title: Hand Carved Wood Or Marble Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A846
Description:
KRMUS-846: Hand carved statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception which can be sculpted in wood or marble. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Available in any size ove...
Title: Carved Wood Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRVS-2009
Description:
KRVS-2009: Carved Wood statue depiction of the Immaculate Conception. The statue has been painted a light cream and her mantle has been gilded on the edges. In original...
Title: Immaculate Conception - Mary Carved Wood Statue
Item Number: KRVS-260
Description:
KRVS-260: Traditional carved wood Immaculate Conception statue. In good condition with some chips in gesso crown. Painted eyes. Diificult size to acquire. Approximately 7...
Title: New 5ft Marble St. Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRM-234
Description:
KRM-234: New marble statue of the Mary-Immaculate Conception. King Richard's marble products are hand carved from natural stone. We do not use cast or cultured marble. Ou...
Title: Mary - Immaculate Conception Statue
Item Number: KROR-311
Description:
KROR-311: Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception made of fiberglass resin with realistic custom finish suitable for indoo...
Title: New 4' Hand Carved Wood Statue Of Mary - Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A72
Description:
KRNM-A72: New hand carved wood statue of Mary - Immaculate Conception with high relief details. Shown with an extra rich finish but can be painted or poly chromed to you...
Title: New Carved Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRCM-53
Description:
KRCM-53: New carved wood statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception with multi-colored paint finish. Also available in hand carved marble or cast bronze utilizing the los...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-540
Description:
KRNM-540: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Dimensions: 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 feet in hei...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-622
Description:
KRNM-622: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Dimensions: 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 feet in hei...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-647
Description:
KRNM-647: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Dimensions: 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 feet in hei...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-653
Description:
KRNM-653: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Dimensions: 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 feet in hei...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-654
Description:
KRNM-654: New Hand Carved Marble or Wood Statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Finishes and colors to your specifications. Dimensions: 4, 5, 6, 8, or 10 feet in hei...
Title: New Hand Carved Marble Statue Of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRNM-A60
Description:
KRMUS-60: New hand carved marble statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception with high relief details throughout. Custom sizes and marble colors to meet your specifications. Dim...
Title: New Statue of Mary - Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDEM-222
Description:
KRDEM-222: Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception. This statue is available in carved wood, marble, resin, bronze, or aluminum. Carved wood statues are available in natural...
Title: New Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRCM-05
Description:
KRCM-05: Cast Bronze Statue of Mary-Immaculate Conception. New cast bronze statue of Mary utilizing the lost wax process of casting. Also available in carved wood or hand...
Title: Statue of Mary - Blessed Virgin
Item Number: KRDEM-205
Description:
KRDEM-205: Statue of Mary - Blessed Virgin. This statue is available in carved wood, marble, resin, bronze, or aluminum. Carved wood statues are available in natural or m...
Title: Vintage Daprato Studios Plaster Statue Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRVS-2225
Description:
KRVS-2225: Vintage Daprato Studios plaster statue of Mary - The Immaculate Conception. Approximately 65 years old. In original condition. Dimensions: 45 inches in height,...
Title: Carved Marble Immaculate Conception with Custom Base
Item Number: KRVS-2388
Description:
Finest quality Immaculate Conception (Circa 1900) on an amazing fitted pedestal Dimensions: 9' Height x 24" Width x 24" Depth...
Title: Carved Wood Mary - The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRCM-391
Description:
KRCM-391: New carved wood Mary - The Immaculate Conception statue. New carved wood statue of Mary Our Lady Immaculate with multi-colored paint finish. Also available in ...
Title: Statue of Mary - Blessed Virgin
Item Number: KRDEM-226
Description:
KRDEM-226: Statue of Mary - Blessed Virgin. This statue is available in carved wood, marble, resin, bronze, or aluminum. Carved wood statues are available in natural or m...
Title: Mary- The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDOM-242
Description:
KRDOM-242: Mary- The Immaculate Conception It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable for ...
Title: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue 6 1/2 Ft.
Item Number: KRDOM-255
Description:
KRDOM-255: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue 6 1/2 Ft. It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-s...
Title: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue
Item Number: KRDOM-257
Description:
KRDOM-257: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue Available in fiberglass. Dimensions: Measures 34 inches in height....
Title: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue
Item Number: KRDOM-253
Description:
KRDOM-253: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable fo...
Title: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue
Item Number: KRDOM-254
Description:
KRDOM-254: Mary Immaculate Conception Statue It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable fo...
Title: Mary Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDOM-248
Description:
KRDOM-248: Mary Immaculate Conception It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable for exter...
Title: Mary-The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDOM-247
Description:
KRDOM-247: Mary-The Immaculate Conception It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable for e...
Title: Mary-The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDOM-241
Description:
KRDOM-241: Mary-The Immaculate Conception It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable for e...
Title: Mary- The Immaculate Conception 4 Ft. Statue
Item Number: KRDOM-246
Description:
KRDOM-246: Mary-The Immaculate Conception 4 Ft. Statue It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-s...
Title: Mary- The Immaculate Conception
Item Number: KRDOM-243
Description:
KRDOM-243: Mary-The Immaculate Conception It’s available in bronze or resin. Resin is available in faux marble, bronze, silver (color added to composite-suitable for e...